Hirofumi Yoshimura, Governor of Osaka Prefecture, speaks to media about coronavirus infection rates in Osaka on April 20, 2021. Photo: AFP/Naoya Azuma/The Yomiuri Shimbun

Japan’s third most populated region will on Tuesday ask the central government to impose a state of emergency over the coronavirus as infections rise only three months before the country hosts the Olympics.

Osaka prefecture only lifted a state of emergency two months ago and restrictions are expected to be tougher this time, possibly involving store and shopping mall closures.

That would still fall short of the harsh lockdowns seen in many other parts of the world, however.

Tokyo and several other areas are expected to follow suit, hoping to avoid the crisis now facing Osaka’s healthcare system, where beds for coronavirus patients in severe condition have run out.

Governor Hirofumi Yoshimura said he had already told the minister overseeing the coronavirus response, Yasutoshi Nishimura, that a state of emergency was needed as measures taken so far “are not enough.”

A formal request is expected to come later on Tuesday, with official approval from the government following in the evening.

“I believe now is the time to take strong measures for a short period of time,” Yoshimura told reporters.

“The flow of people and the fast pace of the variant strains are causing surges,” he warned, calling for the closure of shopping malls, amusement parks and department stores.

He also urged people to move to teleworking, warning that otherwise “we won’t be able to curb the flow of people.”

Osaka is already under virus restrictions that mostly call for restaurants and bars to close by 8pm and urge residents to avoid unnecessary outings.

Those measures prompted the region to bar the Olympic torch relay from public roads, with the flame instead being carried by torchbearers on a closed track inside a park without spectators.

Nishimura earlier acknowledged the “extremely tough situation” in Osaka, saying the government was coordinating with authorities there “with a strong sense of crisis.”

According to local media, Tokyo also plans to request the government declare a state of emergency this week.

And at least two regions neighboring Osaka are reportedly planning on requesting the measure.

The surge in cases comes with just over three months until the virus-postponed Tokyo Olympics, which organizers insist can be held safely.

Japan declared a virus state of emergency in early January for several areas, lifting it on March 1 in Osaka and three weeks later in Tokyo.

But infections have ticked back up, driven by more infectious variants, and vaccinations are moving slowly.

Only the Pfizer vaccine has been approved and so far it is being given only to medical workers and the elderly.

Just 25% of 4.8 million healthcare workers and slightly more than 13,000 elderly people have so far received a first vaccine dose.

Japan’s government says they will have sufficient supply by September to vaccinate everyone over the age of 16 in the country of 125 million, but a timeline for completing the vaccinations is not yet clear.