Afghan Taliban militants and villagers attend a gathering Monday in Alingar district of Laghman Province where they celebrate the peace deal and claim victory over US in the Afghan conflict. The Taliban said Monday they were resuming offensive operations against Afghan security forces, ending the partial truce that preceded the signing of a deal between the insurgents and Washington. Photo: AFP / Noorullah Shirzada

The Taliban killed at least 20 Afghan soldiers and policemen in a string of overnight attacks, government officials told AFP Wednesday, hours after US President Donald Trump said he had a “very good” chat with the insurgents’ political chief.

The militants have ramped up violence against Afghan security forces in recent days, ending a partial truce put in place during the run-up to a landmark US-Taliban withdrawal deal signed in Doha on Saturday. 

“Taliban fighters attacked at least three army outposts in Imam Sahib district of Kunduz last night, killing at least 10 soldiers and four police,” said Safiullah Amiri, a member of the provincial council.

A defense ministry official speaking to AFP on condition of anonymity confirmed the army toll while the provincial police spokesman Hejratullah Akbari confirmed the police fatalities.

The insurgents also attacked police in central Uruzgan province Tuesday night, with the governor’s spokesman Zergai Ebadi telling AFP: “Unfortunately, six police were killed and seven wounded.”

Prisoner exchange

The violence has cast a pall on the nascent Afghan peace process, with the insurgents clashing with Kabul over a prisoner exchange dispute ahead of talks that are due to begin on March 10.

But on Tuesday, Trump told reporters in Washington that he had a “very good” relationship with Taliban political chief Mullah Baradar, with the pair speaking on the phone for 35 minutes, according to the insurgents.

“The relationship is very good that I have with the mullah. We had a good long conversation today and you know, they want to cease the violence, they’d like to cease violence also,” he said.

Trump has touted the Doha deal as a way to end the bloody, 18-year US military presence in Afghanistan – right in time for his November reelection bid.

Under the terms of the deal, US and other foreign forces will quit Afghanistan within 14 months, subject to Taliban security guarantees and a pledge by the insurgents to hold talks with the national government in Kabul.

The agreement also includes a commitment to exchange 5,000 Taliban prisoners held by the Afghan government in return for 1,000 captives — something the militants have cited as a prerequisite for talks but which President Ashraf Ghani has refused to do before negotiations start.

The call held at around 1440 GMT Tuesday came just a day after the militants ended a partial truce meant to be the first step in a wider peace deal under a US-Taliban agreement signed Saturday.

Baradar called on Trump to “not allow anyone to take actions that violate the terms of the agreement thus embroiling you even further in this prolonged war,” according to the Taliban transcript.

Trump sounded sympathetic to the Taliban message, saying “they are looking to get this ended, and we’re looking to get it ended, I think we all have a very common interest.”

He said the Kabul government may be “reluctant” to pursue the peace deal, saying “they’ve done very well with the United States for many years – far beyond military if you look at all the money that we spent in Afghanistan.”

Dozens of attacks

Following Saturday’s deal signing, the Taliban have been publicly claiming “victory” over the US and on Monday they announced an end to the partial truce, resuming their attacks on Afghan national forces.

Since Monday, the Taliban conducted 33 attacks in 16 of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces, interior ministry spokesman Nasrat Rahimi said. 

“As a result, six civilians were killed and 14 wounded. Eight enemy were also killed, 15 wounded,” he said on Twitter. 

Two soldiers were killed in one of the attacks in southern Kandahar province, a government statement said. 

An attack in Logar province near Kabul killed five security forces, the provincial governor’s spokesman Didar Lawang told AFP.

The halt to the limited truce, which began on February 22, ended what was a welcome reprieve for ordinary Afghans who have borne the brunt of the deadly violence. 

Kabul-based analyst Ahmad Saeedi told AFP the uptick in attacks reflected the insurgents’ belief that “they have to keep the battlefield hot to be able to win on the negotiating table, as they did with the Americans.”

Holding hostage?

Ghani’s government last week sent a delegation to Qatar to open “initial contacts” with the insurgents, but Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen on Tuesday said the militants would not meet Kabul’s representatives except to discuss the release of their captives.

Apparent differences between the Doha agreement and a separate joint US-Afghan declaration made in Afghanistan underline the obstacles facing negotiators.

The US-Taliban deal committed to the release of prisoners while the Kabul document only required both sides to determine “the feasibility of releasing” captives.

In a statement, the UN’s Afghanistan mission called for “continued reduced violence to maintain and enhance an environment conducive to the start of intra-Afghan negotiations.”

“After the US-Taliban deal, it is illogical to fight. It is time for peace,” said Naqibullah, a 40-year-old government employee in Kabul who uses only one name.

“The Taliban can’t take the whole nation hostage.”