An Air China jet at Beijing's Capital Airport. Some countries are allowing quarantine-free entry for Chinese visitors. Photo: Xinhua

Cities across China whose airports have links to overseas destinations are comparing notes on measures to receive the droves of compatriots rushing home, while keeping out the coronavirus that first surfaced in the country.

The backdrop of the heightened health precautions at major aviation hubs is that China’s total count of imported cases is edging closer to 500, after Tuesday’s tally of 74 cases marked the highest single-day surge, according to the National Health Commission.

These mounting cases foreshadow an emerging “back flow” of the respiratory pathogen – officially known as Covid-19 – from overseas, which may negate China’s all-out efforts that have, by and large, fought off the once-rampaging contagion.

The improving situation on the domestic front is borne out by the drop in infection numbers in the epicenter of Wuhan, where no fresh cases are reported several days in a row – if official figures are to be believed.

But cadres in charge of major cities and airports are taking no chances in their efforts to stop the virus from creeping back, especially as the country starts to dismantle roadblocks and lift travel and party bans in a bid to resume traffic and business.

Except for Wuhan, Beijing now has the biggest cluster of patients being treated for infections, and 134 of the total of 150 that are showing symptoms or harboring the contagious germs are foreigners and returnees from more than 16 countries, mostly in Europe and North America.

Paramedics in full protective suits inspect passengers at Beijing’s Capital Airport. Photo: Xinhua
Wuhan’s main train station being disinfected to prepare for its reopening on April 8, when a city-wide lockdown will end. The focus of China’s war on the novel coronavirus has shifted to stop the flow of imported cases from overseas. Photo: China News Service

China News Service reported that starting from Wednesday, the capital city would begin conducting epidemiological assessments and nucleic acid tests via deep throat saliva samples on each arrival from overseas, including those from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, on top of an outright 14-day quarantine order covering all arriving and transit passengers, who will be strictly confined to designated isolation facilities.

Beijing officials have also given a caveat that those who are unfazed by the travel restrictions and the quarantine order and still want to go to the city will have to foot all the expenses during their isolation, from tests to meals.

Beijing’s medical manpower has been stretched thin because hordes of overseas Chinese fleeing the worsening outbreaks in Europe and the United States continue to descend on the city’s Capital Airport. The city has already closed its brand-new Daxing Airport to international passengers.

To cope with the spike in arrivals, China’s civil aviation authority has since last weekend requested most of the Beijing-bound flights from overseas to divert to 12 cities from Shanghai to Shenyang for health screening there, and passengers and crews given a clean slate can continue their journey to Beijing, but the 14-day quarantine will still apply.

Shanghai has also mandated all international flights to use its Pudong Airport since Wednesday, while rerouting most of the domestic services to its Hongqiao hub.

To minimize the risks of cross-infection and contamination, Shanghai will dispatch paramedic teams in full protective suits to board all inbound planes for inspection and screening, before passengers and crew members can be allowed to disembark for nucleic acid tests inside a fully-partitioned off infirmary and then be whisked to quarantine centers.

Passengers arriving at Shanghai’s Pudong Airport will be checked abroad their planes before they are allowed to disembark. Photo: WeChat

Shanghai has 94 imported cases thus far, second only to Beijing, after numerous Chinese expats scattered across Europe and the US fly to the city to return to their hometowns in neighboring Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Fujian provinces in eastern China. The city’s party mouthpiece the Jiefang Daily noted that about 100,000 doctors, nurses and police and customs officers had been mobilized to identify, transport and look after arrivals that may have come down with the disease.

Since the end of February, Shanghai-based carrier China Eastern has also deployed wide-body jets to fly home thousands of Chinese businessmen and workers from Rome and Milan in pandemic-ravaged Italy, operating special flights that are likened to airlift missions. To avoid bringing the virus to Shanghai, these planes headed straight for Wenzhou in Zhejiang province, home for most of the Chinese running restaurants and trading firms in Italy.

Indeed, Zhejiang has also ramped up its own anti-virus measures and all arrivals from overseas, irrespective of which country they are from or the local epidemic situation, will be grouped together for centralized quarantine.

A masked passenger walks past security and medical staff at Guangzhou’s Baiyun Airport, a major aviation hub serving southern China.
Guangdong has waived its quarantine requirement for residents from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Photos: Xinhua

The southern province of Guangdong, where the two mega cities of Guangzhou and Shenzhen both have extensive international air routes, will start post-quarantine health checks on arrivals who have finished their 14-day isolation.

Yet controversy broke out after the province decided to offer ease of passage to Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan residents, who will not be bound over by the quarantine order as long as they pass temperature screening at airports and border checkpoints and have not traveled abroad within the past two weeks.

Questions are asked if Guangdong is leaving a “bolt hole” in its defense against the viral resurgence from overseas when Hongkongers are exempted from the quarantine order. Hu Xijin, chief editor of the nationalist tabloid Global Times, a sister publication of the People’s Daily, blasted Guangdong authorities for the “preferential treatment” for those from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan.

Hong Kong has reported 386 confirmed cases as of Wednesday, and 280 are still being treated. A raft of stringent measures from denying entry to non-locals at the city’s airport to an alcohol ban aimed at discouraging social gatherings announced by the city’s government on Monday are seen as an admission of the gravity of the situation.

Read more: China’s Covid-19 fight shifts to key cities

Questions raised over HK’s quarantine rules

‘No masks by end April,’ optimistic experts say

Join the Conversation


  1. «The improving situation on the domestic front is borne out by the drop in infection numbers in the epicenter of Wuhan, where no fresh cases are reported several days in a row – if official figures are to be believed.» But of course, Frankie boy, official figures are NOT to be believed – after all they come from your bête noire China, where, unlike in other, more blessed lands, the authorities always lie…. 😉


    1. Oh yes, bodies are dropping dead on the streets and they are burning patients alive.

      Lifting restrictions on Wuhan is also a lie. The people there are imprisoned in concentration camps.

      So, limphatter engages in identity theft, lying as usual.

  2. As if westerners bear some credibility to lash out Chinese authorities about being liar. It’s laughable to believe that the infected people by coronavirus in most western countries is truly represented by the tally their governments have unveiled. Take the US, for example: is it plausible to believe the US with its waverer approach toward it, is not the covid-19’s world outbreak epicenter yet?
    we’re taking about a habitual liar media outlets as all the westerner ones are.

    1. Now we’re learning that “free speech” countries more than likely had the virus already by November. Yet their doctors simply labeled it as “mysterious” pneumonia or the flu, and didn’t detect anything new.

      I guess free speech didn’t detect the virus either. It ended up with China detecting it, telling the whole world about it, and most Western nations sitting on their asses, calling it a China virus, thinking they were somehow immune because they supposedly had superior hygienic practices.

      1. Yes, Dear Comrade it was another virus spread by US troops with their larger weapons, along with White Fever, to your little ladies.

        1. You seem to have a large obsession with large weapons. Be careful though. You’re unhygienic practice will only lead you to have a more bloody assholes.

          I suppose this might be also why viruses spread so quickly in the US. Studies show that you can get the virus from fecal matter.

          Have fun dying.

      2. Judging by Pompeo’s defensiveness and vicious verbal attacks on and vilification of China in connection with Covid19, the virus is really a bio-Stuxnet gone awry, a virus epidemic inflicted on China with intention to destroy its economy and prevent its rise. While China never accused the US openly, this appears to have been understood by China and to some extent motivated their resolute response. When China complained against the US labeling the virus as Chinese virus and the foreign minister pushed back that it could have originated in the US and have been brought to China by the US military in November 2019, Pompeo became downright enraged. It means he is afraid. What is he hiding? It would seem to me that the Chinese foreign minister hit on the truth and Pompeo is terrified China could in time find proof of US bio warfare.

        1. A female US soldier named Maatje Benassi who took part in the October 2019 Military Games in Wuhan is Covid19 patient one in Wuhan:

          March 20th, 2020 Meet Wuhan CoronaVirus Patient One …

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