Turkey’s president accused Russia of committing “massacres” in its support of the Syrian government on Wednesday, escalating a war of words as more Turkish reinforcements arrived on the ground.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened to strike Syrian regime forces “everywhere” if its soldiers come under renewed attack, but Russia hit back and accused the Turks of failing to “neutralize terrorists” in the northwestern province of Idlib.
Turkey has shored up its positions in recent days in Idlib – the last rebel bastion in Syria – with hundreds of vehicles carrying artillery and soldiers.
And a new convoy of Turkish armored vehicles arrived Wednesday in the town of Binnish, northeast of Idlib city, in a new deployment, an AFP correspondent said.
Turkish officials say they have lost 14 soldiers in the past nine days and claim to have killed scores of Syrian government troops as they try to push back forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
Syrian forces backed by Russian air strikes have pressed ahead with an offensive to retake Idlib from rebel groups that began in December, despite a 2018 deal agreed between Turkey and Russia in Sochi.
The offensive – which has retaken numerous towns and a crucial motorway – has killed hundreds of civilians and sent hundreds of thousands fleeing for safety in harsh winter conditions.
Erdogan’s direct criticism of Russia is a rare move because in 2015, Turkey shot down a Russian fighter jet that had strayed into its airspace.
The tensions over Idlib highlight the complexity of ties between the two countries, whose rivalry stretches back into their imperial pasts and has been characterized by centuries of mistrust.
“The regime, backed by Russian forces and Iran-backed militants, are continuously attacking civilians, committing massacres and shedding blood,” Erdogan told a meeting of his ruling party in parliament.
He said Turkey would do “whatever necessary” to push Syrian forces back behind the 12 observation posts it set up in Idlib under the Sochi deal.
“I hereby declare that we will strike regime forces everywhere from now on regardless of the Sochi deal if any tiny bit of harm comes to our soldiers at observation posts or elsewhere,” he added.
In return, Russia accused Turkey of failing to honour the 2018 deal, with Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov saying the Turkish side “had taken upon itself an obligation to neutralize terrorist groups” in Idlib.
But “all these groups are mounting an attack on the Syrian army from Idlib and are acting aggressively towards Russian military installations,” he added.
Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova dismissed Erdogan’s claims of attacks on civilians, telling journalists: “We have differing interpretations from Turkey.”
Under the bilateral agreements, radical groups were required to withdraw from a demilitarized zone in the Idlib region held by an array of rebels.
The Russian Defense Ministry also blamed the crisis in Idlib on “Turkish colleagues’ failure to fulfil their obligations on separating fighters from the moderate opposition from terrorists.”
Russian President Vladimir Putin and Erdogan spoke by phone on Wednesday, with the Kremlin urging Ankara to implement the Sochi deal.
The Turkish presidency confirmed the call but did not provide details.
Erdogan’s threats also prompted an angry response from the Syrian government, accusing the Turkish leader of being “disconnected from reality.”
“The head of the Turkish regime comes with empty… statements only issued by a person disconnected from reality,” state news agency SANA quoted a source at the Foreign Ministry as saying.