The ancient Silk Road was not a single road but a collection or network of tracts and sea routes on which goods were shipped by merchants. File photo.

Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has approved the construction of a new tolled motorway across Russia designed to significantly shorten cargo routes, reported.

The massive infrastructure project, the Meridian highway, has won the support of the Russian government, Vedomosti business daily said, citing government officials.

The highway is set to stretch over 2,000 kilometres from the Belarus border to the frontier with Kazakhstan, and it is expected to become part of the fastest trucking route between China and Europe.

The motorway will reportedly cost around 600 billion rubles (US$9.5 billion). According to the report, the project’s operator has already bought out around 80% of the land required for the construction of the road.

While the construction will fully rely on investors’ funds without taking money from the Russian budget, the government has pledged to assist with attracting new investment for the project, including from China.

However, investors want the government to ensure their minimal revenue of around US$550 million, covering not commercial but political risks such as the closure of state borders.

Given that tolls will be charged for trucks and cars, as well as the large capacity of the highway, the project is expected to break even in 12 years.

The Meridian highway falls under China’s ambitious transcontinental trade and infrastructure One Belt, One Road project, which Russia supports, the report said.

In April, Russian President Vladimir Putin visited China and took part in the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation.

At that time he said that the Chinese initiative will strengthen “the constructive cooperation” of the Eurasian states and will ensure sustainable economic development and economic growth in the region.

The ancient Silk Road was a network of trade routes connecting China and the Far East with the Middle East and Europe. It was not a single road but a network of tracts and sea routes on which goods were transported by merchants.

Originating in China, the 4,000-mile road followed the Great Wall, bypassed the Takla Makan Desert, climbed the majestic Pamirs mountains before crossing Afghanistan and then on to the Middle East.

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