US President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping at the 2018 G20 summit in Buenos Aires. Photo: AFP/Yomiuri Shimbun

In this contemporary era, the great powers carry a special burden of responsibility in determining the future of global politics. Therefore, it is worthwhile to track Donald Trump’s and Xi Jinping’s policy agendas, which could help us analyze their behavior and potential measures vis-à-vis other countries.

Xi’s “China Dream” and Trump’s “America First” have some commonalities and differences that could influence the complicated and ambiguous trajectory of US and China. The two concepts have been considered the pillars of Chinese and US foreign policies. In fact they seek to encapsulate the long-cherished wishes and ambitions of both nations – reviving the greatness of their past, which makes theirs a unique state.

However, both Trump and Xi feel that the greatness of their respective countries has undergone a change. Therefore, they deem it necessary to take serious measures to revive their lost greatness. While Trump pursues unilateral, zero-sum and protectionist policies, Xi focuses on multilateral, win-win policies.

First of all, the “China Dream” and “America First” concepts should be defined. In March 2013, Xi said the “China Dream” was not only the dream of Chinese people that would provide them with a better and prosperous life, but also the dream of the other people in the world that would offer them “peace, development, cooperation and mutual benefit.” Xi didn’t hesitate about connecting national and international boundaries and put emphasis on determining and shaping global landscape through cooperation and mutual respect within international rules and norms.

The scholar Jin Kai says “China Dream” refers to “Chinese people’s exploration of their own developmental model and their longing for a ‘great rejuvenation‘ of the Chinese nation.” He considers it “a vision for China itself, not a blueprint for overthrowing the US-led global system.”

According to its National Security Strategy 2017, the roots of American power lie in its past. The report reiterates that “the US was born of a desire for life, liberty and pursuit of happiness.” Trump’s “America First” narrative focuses on protecting “the American people,” maintaining the US way of life, peace and prosperity, and increasing “American influence in the world.” He considers “economic security” as “national security.”

Trump’s “America First” policies were heavily influenced by his pro-business mentality. So he prioritizes economic issues, such as narrowing the trade deficit, in US-China relations. Furthermore, he believes that his economic pressure on China, such as waging a trade war, could resolve other contentious issues in Sino-US relations including cybersecurity and human-rights issues.

Patriotism and nationalism have reverberated in both Xi’s and Trump’s speeches. While Xi seeks to strike a balance in expressing his patriotic and globalist tendencies, Trump obviously voiced his patriotic stances in US foreign policies. A prime example was his speech at the United Nations General Assembly in 2018, in which he said, “America is governed by Americans. We reject the ideology of globalism and we embrace the doctrine of patriotism.”

Trump’s disdainful view of international treaties and organizations, originated from his “America First” policies, creates an atmosphere of mistrust toward US leadership in the world, which will consequently weaken the US position in the international system.

However, Xi’s “China Dream,” promoting cooperation, global prosperity and peace, will accentuate the position of China as the harbinger of global connectivity in the world. For instance, his Belt and Road Initiative, an unprecedented initiative in the history of globalization, underlines the same policies and aims to corroborate the vital role of China in the global governance. If Trump insists on unilateral “America First” policies, then the US will be isolated in the world order and the post-Cold War order will be reshaped – maybe this time by China and its allies.

Behzad Abdollahpour

Behzad Abdollahpour is an MA student of North American studies at the Faculty of World Studies, University of Tehran. He is interested in US-China foreign policy, comparative politics, and cultural ties between China and Iran. His research focuses particularly on China’s Belt and Road Initiative and the China’s rising role in the international arena.

Join the Conversation

40 Comments

  1. Do you have a spam problem on this site; I also am a blogger, and I was wondering your situation; we
    have created some nice procedures and we are looking to exchange methods
    with others, please shoot me an email if interested.

  2. I liked as much as you will receive performed proper here. The comic strip is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish. however, you command get bought an nervousness over that you would like be handing over the following. ill undoubtedly come more previously once more as precisely the similar just about very frequently inside of case you shield this increase.

  3. Hi! This is my first comment here so I just
    wanted to give a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading through your posts.
    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that deal
    with the same subjects? Thanks for your time!

    natalielise pof

  4. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed!
    Extremely helpful information specifically the last phase :
    ) I take care of such info a lot. I used to
    be looking for this particular info for a long time. Thank
    you and good luck.

  5. Hello there! This is kind of off topic but I need some help from an established blog.
    Is it very hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out
    pretty quick. I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure
    where to begin. Do you have any tips or suggestions? With
    thanks

  6. I think that is one of the so much vital info for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. However wanna statement
    on some common things, The web site taste is
    perfect, the articles is in reality excellent : D.

    Just right job, cheers

  7. You are so awesome! I do not believe I’ve
    read a single thing like this before. So wonderful to
    discover another person with a few original thoughts on this subject matter.
    Really.. thank you for starting this up. This web site is something that is required
    on the web, someone with some originality!

  8. Good day! This is my first comment here so I just wanted
    to give a quick shout out and say I truly enjoy reading your posts.

    Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal
    with the same topics? Thanks for your time!

  9. Superb post however , I was wanting to know if you
    could write a litte more on this topic? I’d be
    very grateful if you could elaborate a little
    bit more. Appreciate it!

  10. Have you ever considered about adding a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is valuable and all. Nevertheless imagine if you added some
    great images or video clips to give your posts more, “pop”!
    Your content is excellent but with images and videos,
    this blog could undeniably be one of the
    best in its field. Amazing blog!

  11. Do you have a spam issue on this site; I also am a blogger, and I
    was wondering your situation; many of us have created some nice procedures
    and we are looking to swap techniques with others, be sure to shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  12. I have been gone for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this website. Thank you, I will try and check back more often. How often do you update your site?

  13. Hey! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you
    knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and
    I’m having difficulty finding one? Thanks a lot!

  14. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for your
    site. You have some really great posts and I believe I would
    be a good asset. If you ever want to take some
    of the load off, I’d love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back
    to mine. Please blast me an e-mail if interested.
    Thank you!

  15. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your blog and check again here frequently.
    I am quite certain I’ll learn many new stuff right
    here! Good luck for the next!

  16. Incluye aplicaciones prácticas del frío (refrigeración y congelación de alimentos y bebidas, procesos de conservación, etc.) y del aire acondicionado (viviendas, locales comerciales, oficinas, teatros, hospitales, museos, etc.). Estudia también los distintos equipos que forman las instalaciones, así como su reparación y mantenimiento. Es un libro muy práctico y didáctico de gran interés para el profesional y para el que quiera iniciarse en la materia, así como para cursos de formación de refrigeración y aire acondicionado. Ofrecemos un servicio de asistencia profesional, siendo independientes a cualquier marca.

  17. excellent points altogether, you simply received a logo new reader.
    What might you recommend in regards to your post that you
    simply made a few days ago? Any certain?

  18. Empresa prestadora de Servicios Jurídicos Pre pagados con Excelente proyección profesional, requiere Abogado Especialista en Derecho Laboral Comercial con Experiencia mínima de 3 años en el área, con alta responsabilidad y ética, excelente presentación personal. Empresa vinculada en el sector salud, solicita técnicos sistemas que se encuentren en etapa productiva, con un salario del 75 sobre el smlv más prestaciones sociales, con disponibilidad de tiempo completo.

  19. Tras recibir su aviso llamada en nuestro Centro de Atención Telefónica, un técnico experto y cualificado en la marca Siemens se pondrá en contacto con usted y se personará en su domicilio para resolver con eficacia la avería de su electrodoméstico en el menor tiempo posible. Conocemos todas las averías de los electrodomésticos Siemens, sus componentes y soluciones. Siemens ha revolucionado el mundo de las lavadoras y ofrece los mejors frigoríficos y congeladores.

  20. Siempre que necesite contactar con un servicio técnico oficial Fagor en Madridpuede confiar en nuestro equipo de profesionales. Ayudarte es nuestra primera meta, la segunda es ofrecerte un servicio de reparación de electrodomésticos en Madrid con la mejor calidad, cuando hacemos un intercambio de servicios estamos generando un cambio colectivo lleno de sustentabilidad dentro de una misma comunidad en donde todos se ayudan de diferentes formas para ayudar a los nuestros, apoya el cambio y se parte de nuestro equipo por un mundo más eficiente.

  21. Necesitaría saber cuánto me costaría la instalación del módulo PHP ZIP en la distribución Gentoo de OVH. Hola podolsky si quieres mas info escribenos a contacto@ pero nosotros siempre facturas por horas de servicio siend la primera 20€ e las siguientes 15€/hora. FernandoR OVH (del equipo de OVH) ya había editado el primer mensaje de este hilo para poner tu oferta de servicio antes de que me hubiese dado tiempo a mí.

  22. Aún con mi garantía en vigencia, lo envié al servicio técnico, y debido al desgaste de sus maravillosos plásticos, y a la rotura sobre la articulación de la pantalla, se escudan en que el equipo en algún momento tuvo mal uso (supongo que se refieren a que no hacen equipos diseñados para funcionar 8 horas al día… 😉 ). Y se desentienden de él, a menos que acepte pagar por el arreglo.

  23. Tuve un combi de la marca Indesit con sistema no frost en todo el aparato (frigorifico y congelador) al final se me terminó estropeando salió muy malo, pero era un regalo…. y cuando fui a comprar uno nuevo elegí Liebherr, por garantia de calidad, y lo elegí solo con nofrost en la parte del congelador, ya que con el otro me habia dado cuenta que las verduras me las resecaba y terminaban arrugandose y ahora con este genial, las verduras me aguantan muchiiisimo.

  24. Es un servicio técnico oficial regulado por la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid, pero no es el servicio técnico oficial de ninguna de las marcas que aparecen en este sitio web. Los logos, imágenes y marcas de cada servicio técnico expuestos en este sitio Web son propiedad de sus titulares y están protegidos por las leyes del copyright. Uno de nuestros técnicos realizara su reparación el mismo día de su llamada sin Recargo a Indesit uno en el precio y siempre facilitamos Garantías de 3 meses por escrito en todas y cada una de nuestras reparaciones.

  25. Within the classes of materials you select, all choices of materials for which we can source raw material blocks of the required dimensions will be displayed. En esta máquina la pieza tiene un movimiento circular rotatorio y la herramienta lineal. Sin embargo existen otras razones para contratar a un experto CNC para que produzca una pieza.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *