Posted inOpinion

Understanding Libya’s relentless destabilization

After leading a military coup in 1969, Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi cemented his rule for more than 40 years. A variety of different political ideologies – Pan-Arabism, Pan-Africanism, socialism, Islamic leftism, and others – characterized his leadership, which were further reinforced by a cult of personality. While living standards for Libyans increased under his rule, Gaddafi attracted resentment among some […]