Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi shakes hands with Russian President Vladimir Putin during a meeting on the sidelines of the 11th BRICS Summit in Brasilia, Brazil, on November 13, 2019. India has been reluctant to condemn Russia for its invasion of Ukraine. Photo: Sputnik / Mikhail Metzel

The year 2014 saw two pivotal events that led to the current conflict in Ukraine.  

The first, familiar to all, was the coup in Ukraine in which a democratically elected government was overthrown at the direction of the United States and with the assistance of neo-Nazi elements that Ukraine had long harbored.  

Shortly thereafter, the first shots in the present war were fired on the Russian-sympathetic Donbas region by the newly installed Ukrainian government. The shelling of the Donbas, which has claimed 14,000 lives, has continued for eight years, despite attempts at a ceasefire under the Minsk Accords that Russia, France and Germany agreed upon but Ukraine, backed by the US, refused to implement. 

On February 24, 2022, Russia finally responded to the slaughter in Donbas and the threat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization on its doorstep.

Russia turns to the East

The second pivotal event of 2014 was less noticed and in fact rarely mentioned in the Western mainstream media. In November of that year according to the International Monetary Fund, China’s gross domestic product surpassed that of the US in purchasing power parity terms (PPP GDP). 

(This measure of GDP is calculated and published by the IMF, World Bank and even the US Central Intelligence Agency. Students of international relations like economics Nobel laureate Joseph Stiglitz, Graham Allison and many others consider this metric the best measure of a nation’s comparative economic power.)  

One person who took note and who often mentions China’s standing in the PPP-GDP ranking is none other than Russian President Vladimir Putin.

From one point of view, the Russian action in Ukraine represents a decisive turn away from the hostile West to the more dynamic East and the Global South. This follows decades of importuning the West for a peaceful relationship since the Cold War’s end. As Russia makes its pivot to the East, it is doing its best to ensure that its western border with Ukraine is secured.  

After the Russian action in Ukraine, the inevitable US sanctions poured on to Russia. China refused to join them and refused to condemn Russia. This was no surprise; after all, Putin’s Russia and President Xi Jinping’s China had been drawing closer for years, most notably with trade denominated in ruble-renminbi exchange, thus moving toward independence from the West’s dollar-dominated trade regime.

Refusal to back US sanctions

But then came a big surprise. India joined China in refusing to honor the US sanctions regime. And India kept to its resolve despite enormous pressure, including calls from President Joe Biden to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and a train of high-level US, UK and European Union officials trekking off to India to bully, threaten and otherwise attempt to intimidate India. 

India would face “consequences,” the tired US threat went up. India did not budge.

India’s close military and diplomatic ties with Russia were forged during the anti-colonial struggles of the Soviet era. India’s economic interests in Russian exports could not be countermanded by US threats. India and Russia are now working on trade via ruble-rupee exchange. In fact, Russia has turned out to be a factor that put India and China on the same side, pursuing their own interests and independence in the face of US diktat. 

Moreover, with trade in ruble-renminbi exchange already a reality and with ruble-rupee exchange in the offing, are we may be about to witness a renminbi-ruble-rupee world of trade – a “3R” alternative to the dollar-euro monopoly. 

Is the world’s second most important political relationship, that between India and China, about to take a more peaceful direction? What’s the world’s first most important relationship?

India is but one example of the shift in power. Of the world’s 195 countries, only 30 have honored the US sanctions on Russia. That means about 165 countries have refused to join the sanctions.  

Those countries represent by far the majority of the world’s population. Most of Africa, Latin America (including Mexico and Brazil), East Asia (excepting Japan, South Korea, both occupied by US troops and hence not sovereign, Singapore and the renegade Chinese province of Taiwan) have refused. (India and China alone represent 35% of humanity.)

Add to that fact that 40 countries are now the targets of US sanctions and there is a powerful constituency to oppose the thuggish economic tactics of the US.  

Finally, at the recent Group of Twenty Summit, a walkout led by the US when the Russia delegate spoke was joined by the representatives of only three other G20 countries, with 80% of these leading financial nations refusing to join. Similarly, a US attempt to bar a Russian delegate from a G20 meeting later in the year in Bali was rebuffed by Indonesia, which currently holds the G20 presidency.

Nations taking Russia’s side no longer poor

These dissenting countries of the Global South are no longer as poor as they were during the Cold War. Of the top 10 countries in PPP-GDP, five do not support the sanctions. And these include China (No 1) and India (No 3). So the first and third most powerful economies stand against the US on this matter. 

(Russia is No 6 on that list, about equal to Germany, No 5, the two being close to equal, belying the idea that Russia’s economy is negligible.)

These stands are vastly more significant than any UN vote. Such votes can be coerced by a great power, and little attention is paid to them in the world. But the economic interests of a nation and its view of the main danger in the world are important determinants of how it reacts economically – for example to sanctions. A “no” to US sanctions is putting one’s money where one’s mouth is.

We in the West hear that Russia is “isolated in the world” as a result of the crisis in Ukraine.  If one is speaking about the Eurovassal states and the Anglosphere, that is true. But considering humanity as a whole and among the rising economies of the world, it is the US that stands isolated. 

And even in Europe, cracks are emerging. Hungary and Serbia have not joined the sanctions regime, and of course most European countries will not and indeed cannot turn away from Russian energy imports crucial to their economies. It appears that the grand scheme of US global hegemony to be brought about by the US move to WWII Redux, both Cold and Hot, has hit a mighty snag.

For those who look forward to a multipolar world, this is a welcome turn of events emerging out of the cruel tragedy of the US proxy war in Ukraine. The possibility of a saner, more prosperous multipolar world lies ahead – if we can get there. 

John Walsh

John V Walsh, until recently a professor of physiology and neuroscience at the University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School, has written on issues of peace and health care for the San Francisco Chronicle, EastBayTimes/San Jose Mercury News, Asia Times, LA Progressive,, CounterPunch and others.