A pro-democracy protester waves a Thai flag during a car mob protest calling for the resignation of prime minister Prayut Chan-ocha over the Thai government's handling of the Covid-19 crisis in Bangkok on August 10, 2021. Photo: AFP / Lillian Suwanrumpha

Thai police used rubber bullets against protesters for a second day in a row on Wednesday as demonstrators rallied against the government and its handling of the coronavirus crisis.

Demonstrators in Bangkok defied a ban on public gatherings as Thailand tries to curb its worst virus outbreak so far – more than 21,000 new cases were announced on Wednesday.

The slow rollout of the kingdom’s vaccination program, as well as financial hardship from restrictions, are fuelling public anger towards Prime Minister Prayut Chan-ocha’s government.

About 150 protesters gathered at the major intersection of Bangkok’s Victory Monument on Wednesday afternoon, intending to march to Prayut’s residence.

They quickly dispersed as riot police moved in and arrested at least two demonstrators.

Earlier protesters burnt an effigy of a Thai judge who has denied bail to political detainees.

“Police are not our enemies. Our true enemy is the government,” one protester told the rally.

On Tuesday protesters and police clashed in Bangkok, with 48 demonstrators arrested and nine officers injured including one shot in the leg.

Officers used tear gas, water cannons and rubber bullets, while protesters retaliated with firecrackers and rocks.

Bangkok police, facing accusations of heavy-handedness, insist their approach is in line with the law and urged people not to jeopardize public health and safety.

A youth-led pro-democracy movement began last year and at its peak drew tens of thousands of people to rallies demanding the resignation of Prayut, the former army chief who came to power in a 2014 coup.

The movement broke long-held taboos by demanding reforms to Thailand’s monarchy, and scores of protesters have been hit with multiple royal defamation charges, which carry 15-year jail terms.

But the movement lost momentum as Covid cases surged and its leaders were put in detention.

A Bangkok criminal court on Wednesday denied bail to protest leader and human rights lawyer Anon Numpa, citing concerns over the likelihood of further offending and breaching bail conditions.