People are arrested by security forces, next to dismantled burning barricades set up by protesters in Yangon on March 12. Photo: AFP

A Myanmar court formally charged five journalists on Friday, including a photographer from AP, over their coverage of anti-coup protests, after a week in which the military junta raided newsrooms and revoked media licenses.

The country has been in uproar since a February 1 putsch that deposed civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi power, triggering a mass uprising that has brought hundreds of thousands of people on to the streets to demand a return to democracy.

Five journalists covering an anti-coup protest in Yangon last month were arrested and are facing charges of “causing fear, spreading false news or agitating directly or indirectly a government employee”. 

The junta had amended the law after the coup, increasing the maximum sentence from two years to three years in jail. 

Friday’s hearing saw the five journalists who were present via video conference formally charged, as a US embassy representative waited outside the court.

One of the journalists was Thein Zaw, a photographer for Associated Press. His brother told AFP after the hearing that he was able to go inside to meet the defendant by video conference.

“We got the chance to speak for two minutes,” said Myint Kyaw, adding that Thein Zaw was in tears. 

“He said he’s still okay inside and not to worry too much about him and that he is in good health.”

Protesters demonstrate against the military coup and detention of elected government members in Yangon. Photo: Anadolu Agency/AFP

The four others are from Myanmar Photo Agency, 7Day News, Zee Kwet Online news, and a freelancer.

Their hearing comes at the end of a week that saw the offices of two local media outlets Myanmar Now and Mizzima raided. 

They also had their publishing licenses revoked, as did independent media, DVB, Khit Thit and 7Day News. 

Mizzima’s editor Soe Myint said Thursday via video conference during a panel at the Foreign Correspondents’ Club of Thailand that his staff were well prepared for such a crackdown on the press.

“Personally, I’m ready to face any future, including being arrested or being killed,” Soe Myint told the panel. 

“This is what we have to do in order to be independent media in the country.”