Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe wearing a face mask (abenomask) attends a cabinet meeting at Prime Minister's office in Tokyo on Friday. Photo: AFP / The Yomiuri Shimbun

Japan’s household spending slumped again in April, falling 11.1% from a year earlier, government data showed Friday, as the world’s third-largest economy struggled with the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.

The figure released by the internal affairs ministry was largely in line with market expectations of a 12.75% drop. It was the seventh straight month of declines since October, when the government hiked a sales tax.

“The new coronavirus is having a serious impact on the economy including spending by individuals,” chief cabinet secretary Yoshihide Suga told reporters when asked about the government’s view on the latest figure.

“We think it is necessary for us to return to regular economic activities step by step while taking counter-infection measures, as businesses are trying to survive the current situation,” added Suga, the top government spokesman.

The April drop was partly attributed to declines in spending on transport and telecommunications, as well as on leisure activities.

The latest figures come after official data last month confirmed Japan dived into its first recession since 2015, shrinking by 0.9% in the first quarter as it wrestles with the fallout from the coronavirus.

The drop in gross domestic product followed a 1.9% decline in the fourth quarter of 2019 as the tax hike and typhoons hit Japan hard – even before the pandemic shut down much of the economy.

Fears about the economic impact of the virus have shaken global and Japanese financial markets and the Bank of Japan last month expanded its emergency monetary easing and cut growth forecasts for the country.

Compared with hard-hit areas in Europe, the United States, Russia and Brazil, Japan has been spared the worst of the pandemic, with 17,064 infections and 907 deaths.

But on April 7, with cases beginning to spike and fears for the country’s health system, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe declared a state of emergency for Tokyo and six other regions – later expanding it to cover the entire nation.

Businesses and schools were urged to shut and people were asked to remain home, but Japan’s lockdown was far softer than in other parts of the world and there was no punishment for those flouting the rules.

Citizens largely heeded the orders, however, with most of Tokyo’s famously packed streets falling quiet.

On May 25, Japan lifted a nationwide state of emergency, gradually reopening the economy as government officials warned caution was still necessary to prevent another wave.

The number of new infections has fallen from a peak of around 700 per day to just a few dozen nationally.

But officials are warning there is a possibility of a second wave of infections in parts of the country, including Tokyo.