An employee at a children's clothing store wears a protective mask and gloves at a shop in Rome on April 14, 2020, as some shops reopened for the first day during the country's lockdown. Photo: AFP/Tiziana Fabi

Donald Trump ordered a freeze on funding for the World Health Organization for “mismanaging” the coronavirus crisis, as world leaders weighed easing lockdowns that threaten to tip the global economy into a second Great Depression.

The death toll from the pandemic has topped 125,000, with nearly two million people infected by the disease that has upended society and changed lives for billions around the globe confined to their homes.

Across the planet, leaders are agonizing over when to lift lockdown measures to jump-start devastated economies but still avoid a second wave of infections.

The US counted a fresh record of 2,228 victims over the past 24 hours, according to Johns Hopkins University.

The International Monetary Fund laid bare the scale of the economic catastrophe, saying the “Great Lockdown” could wipe $9 trillion from the global economy in its worst downturn since the 1930s Great Depression.

The virus-hit Chinese economy, second only to the US in size, likely contracted for the first time in around three decades in the first quarter, according to an AFP poll of economists on Wednesday.

‘Open in a desert?’

With tentative hope the pandemic could be past its peak in some European hotspots, many countries are gradually lifting restrictions – to mixed reception.

Italy, one of the world’s hardest-hit nations, allowed bookshops, launderettes, stationery shops and children’s clothing retailers to re-open, but many business owners chose to stay shut.

“Open in a desert? Why? A bookstore is a place where people interact – opening a business where no one walks by is dangerous from every point of view,” said Cristina Di Caio, a bookshop owner in Milan. 

Spain has allowed work to restart in some factories and construction sites while Europe’s top economy Germany is expected to ease some lockdown measures later Wednesday.

Also Wednesday, the European Union is poised to suggest a coordinated “road map” for member states to exit the lockdown measures.

Vienna’s popular Favoriten shopping district drew mask-clad shoppers after the government allowed some small stores to reopen across Austria, which has been spared the worst of the virus.

“I just hope to God that it’s not too early” to ease the lockdown, said 75-year-old pensioner Anita Kakac.

‘Unenforceable and unsustainable’

But citizens elsewhere braced for several more weeks of restrictions, including in India, whose 1.3 billion people will remain in lockdown until May 3 despite uproar from millions of unsupported poor people.

As the virus appeared to be on the retreat in some parts of richer Europe, it is slowly taking hold in Africa, which has seen 15,000 cases and 800 deaths continent-wide, with fears over growing hunger and possible social unrest.

“A lockdown is unenforceable and unsustainable across much of Africa,” said Jakkie Cilliers at the Pretoria-based Institute for Security Studies (ISS).

“You are trying to do something that is not possible and you are condemning people to a choice between starving and getting sick … It’s not possible for 10 people living in a tin shack … to not go outside for three weeks.”

A similar crisis is emerging in Ecuador where hunger trumps fear of the virus for residents in rundown areas of the badly affected city of Guayaquil. 

“The police come with a whip to send people running, but how do you say to a poor person: ‘Stay home’ if you don’t have enough to eat?” said Carlos Valencia, a 35-year-old teacher.

However, in parts of the world that saw early outbreaks, things were gradually returning to some semblance of normal – South Korea headed to the polls Wednesday with a big turnout expected despite the disease.

And examples of human resilience and generosity continued to lift the spirits.

While a 99-year-old British World War II veteran raised $1.9 million for health workers by completing 100 lengths of his 25-meter garden using a walking frame, a man of the same age beat the virus in Brazil.

“It was a tremendous fight for me, greater than in the war. In war, you kill or live. Here, you have to fight in order to live, and you leave this fight a winner,” said Ermando Piveta.