Financial markets and oil slumped heavily as a vast swathe of northern Italy was sealed off on Monday as authorities struggled to contain the spread and impact of the deadly coronavirus.
An area that is home to about a quarter of Italy’s population was effectively shuttered – including the cities of Milan and Venice – mimicking a lockdown at the disease’s epicenter in China.
Tens of millions of people are now in virtual quarantine, but there are fears that the disease may spread further and disruptions could force several economies into recession.
Those worries gripped Asian stock markets as the trading week opened with some of the heaviest falls since the global financial crisis – with equity markets in Tokyo and Sydney losing more than 6%.
Already 110,000 people in 99 countries and territories have been infected, and many more have seen daily life disrupted by school closures, runs on basic household goods and travel cancellations.
Italy’s lockdown will see police setting up controls at train stations, stopping all cars on main roads in and out, flights from Milan suspended and penalties of three months in jail or a 206 euro (US$233) fine for flouting the rules.
There are also mounting concerns that the United States – the world’s largest and most connected economy – could be the next Covid-19 hotspot.
There, 21 people have died and the number of cases soared past 500 Sunday, affecting 30 of the country’s 50 states.
A string of Republican politicians reported they were among those who may have come into contact with the disease – including former presidential candidate Ted Cruz and party operative Matt Schlapp, who is in close contact with President Donald Trump.
Cruz revealed he had shaken hands at a conservative conference in Washington with a person who later tested positive.
“I have decided to remain at my home in Texas this week, until a full 14 days have passed,” he wrote on Facebook, adding he had no symptoms.
The surge in US cases came as Trump’s administration appeared divided on what to do with a corona-hit cruise ship stuck off the California coast, underscoring concerns about how the crisis is being handled.
The Grand Princess, which has 21 confirmed novel coronavirus infections among 3,500 people on board, is due to dock in Oakland on Monday. Trump has argued they should stay on the ship.
Cabinet Secretary Ben Carson said a plan would be in place by the time the ship docks, but refused to say what it was.
In an early-morning tweet, Trump, who has been accused of peddling misinformation on the outbreak, blamed the media for trying to make his government “look bad.”
“We have a perfectly coordinated and fine tuned plan at the White House for our attack on CoronaVirus,” he tweeted.
Market researchers at ANZ bank said that kind of response was fuelling financial jitters.
“Market fear hasn’t been helped by concerns that the US has been slow to respond to the crisis,” they told clients, “with a slow roll-out of preventative measures, a lack of transparency around containment policy, and what appears to be poor public health communication.”
A report from the UN Conference on Trade, Investment and Development (UNCTAD) warned that the virus spread could hit foreign direct investments worldwide by as much as 15% as international business reels.
In China and South Korea there were some signs that the peak of epidemics there may have been reached.
China said it had closed most of the makeshift hospitals opened to receive coronavirus patients in the epidemic’s epicentre around Wuhan as the number of new infections in the country hit a record low.
There were 40 new cases nationwide, the National Health Commission said, the lowest number of fresh cases since it started reporting the data in January.
South Korea, which has one of the largest coronavirus totals outside China, reported its smallest daily rise in cases for two weeks.
A total of 248 cases were confirmed on Sunday, the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. The increase took its total to 7,382.