The Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, which is now using AI technology. Photo: Wikimedia Commons/Proteintissue

A leading public hospital in Shanghai has introduced artificial intelligence tools and systems in the emergency department where preliminary checks are offered to walk-in patients.

The Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, which was founded in 1910 and became the Shanghai Tenth Hospital School of Clinical Medicine of Tongji University, has triage services in its accident and emergency department, the Paper reported.

Due to differences in clinical practices by individuals which at times leads to inefficiencies, the hospital has introduced an AI emergency doctor system with technologies registered and patented by the National Intellectual Property Administration.

The comprehensive system supports voice commands, handwriting or general conversation interaction with a patient, who would then receive immediate consultations after a preliminary diagnosis.

The AI system would collect vital signs and data such as blood pressure, pulse rate, body temperature, oxygen saturation in the blood and the respiratory rate of the patient.

It would then determine the urgency of the treatment needed by using the Emergency Severity Index (ESI), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) or Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) and send the patient to the correct department.

The hospital has also introduced an egg-shell like self-help consultation chair where a patient could conduct a comprehensive analysis based on his or her medical history, allergy records, past medication records and combined that with risk factors due to age or sex.

The patient would then be issued a diagnosis, prescriptions or sent for further check-ups. The consultation could also be automatically saved into the system.

The hospital is also developing a smart computed tomography imaging and an intelligent digital retinal screening machine.

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