Police officers fire tear gas during a demonstration against what activists say is police violence in Hong Kong on July 28, 2019. Photo: Anthony Wallace / AFP

Tear gas has been fired in Hong Kong’s Causeway Bay and Western districts after protests involving thousands of demonstrators turned violent on Sunday afternoon.

One group marched from Central’s Chater Garden before heading east to Causeway Bay. A second group gathered in Sheung Wan near the central government’s liaison office, which was the scene of protests earlier in the week. A substantial police presence was established around the liaison office and the Western Police station, which is across the road.

Police said protesters began throwing objects at riot police. Asia Times observed protesters prying bricks from the sidewalks in Sheung Wan. Traffic has been shut down on the main roads around both groups of protesters.

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On Saturday evening, riots occurred as police stormed a metro station in Yuen Long, a small northwestern town in the New Territories, using their batons on protesters and leaving the building’s tiled floors stained with blood.

Twenty-three people were reportedly injured in clashes yesterday, with two in serious condition according to reports.

Police have objected to a march scheduled to take place on Hong Kong Island on Sunday that will begin in Chater Garden in Central and converge on Sun Yat Sen Memorial Park in Sai Ying Pun, near Beijing’s liaison office, which was vandalized with graffiti and ink last Sunday on the same night of the Yuen Long attacks.

To many, Saturday’s scenes in Yuen Long resembled events a week earlier, when white-clad triad-linked assailants indiscriminately attacked black-clad protesters and others at the station as they returned home from demonstrating – the very incident which prompted tens of thousands of protesters to descend on the usually quiet town yesterday.

A contingent of riot police mobilise on a side street near Shui Pin Tsuen Playground on Saturday. Photo: Nile Bowie

Hong Kong police, however, ordered additional train services to allow protesters, who traveled to the town by MTR from various parts of the territory, time to leave Yuen Long to avoid a repeat of past bloody confrontations that have become increasingly frequent as unyielding demonstrations by pro-democracy activists reach their eighth week.

Superintendent of Police Public Relations Yolanda Yu explained in an evening press conference that the elite Special Tactical Squad unit had entered the station after protesters began throwing fire extinguishers at officers from the West Rail line bridge. “We entered the station and got the scene under control,” she said.

“Violent clashes broke out at various locations in Yuen Long as some protesters removed fences from the kerbside and used metal barriers to block roads. Some hurled bricks and hard objects at police officers and charged cordon lines,” a separate police statement read. Asia Times witnessed protesters’ causing damage.

Hung Ho-fun, a political-economy professor at Johns Hopkins University, told Asia Times that the majority of protesters were peaceful and that he believed police escalated the situation by using “indiscriminate violence” that he claimed resembled the actions committed by triad-linked thugs in Yuen Long days earlier.

“They are basically using maximum violence short of real bullets to intimidate protesters, chasing and attacking protesters, and even journalists, and social workers. This time they even chased the protesters, who were already leaving, into the MTR station to beat them up,” said the academic.

“Whoever is supporting this police action must think police violence can deter further protests. But that is obviously not working, as protesters are becoming ever more audacious and determined,” Hung said adding that he believed “protests will continue.”

Despite the increasingly bold and sometimes violent tactics adopted by some segments of the protest movement, Hong Kong’s radical young protesters are “still rational,” said Joseph Cheng, a political scientist at City University of Hong Kong.

“They have their logic, which is that peaceful protests are going to be ineffective, so there must be a further element of mildly violent actions to exert pressure on the [Chief Executive] Carrie Lam administration and show that it is ineffective. I do not agree with this, but this is what they believe,” he said.

Police had denied permission for the gathering to go ahead over fears of violent clashes and deemed the mass assembly as “unlawful.” Organizers estimated 288,000 people had attended.

Hong Kong police, who have been widely criticized for their heavy-handed response to the protests that have occurred intermittently since early June, are accused of turning a blind eye to last Sunday’s attack by triad-linked assailants, and even of colluding with the white-shirted gang that wielded bamboo sticks and iron bars.

Protesters on Long Yip St near the Yuen Long MTR station as they standoff against police on Saturday. Photo: Nile Bowie

Police officials and the city’s government have strongly denied those allegations, though the city’s top cop, Commissioner of Police Stephen Lo, admitted that law enforcement officers arrived at the scene 35 minutes late due to manpower being overstretched as officers were deployed elsewhere in the territory to deal with various mass protests.

Hundreds of protesters in face masks and goggles carried umbrellas and hiking sticks yesterday as they gathered outside Nam Pin Wai village, the area believed to be home to some of the more than 100 men involved in last Sunday’s mob attack, targeting anyone wearing black or other identifiers of the protest movement.

“This is one of the entrances to go to the underworld,” Mike, a 27-year-old customer service agent wearing a face mask, told Asia Times as he pointed to the village, which was cordoned off and protected by several formations of riot police.

“You see the police? They are using the best of the best to protect the underworld. The police are working together [with them] and not protecting the Hong Kong people,” he claimed, a view echoed by every demonstrator interviewed on the scene by Asia Times.

“The government are devils. They are joined together with the underground triads, the black power. They are just trying to threaten people with opposite opinions to be silenced, but the Hong Kong people are not threatened by their dirty tricks,” said Aida, a 60-year-old retiree. “It should be the police’s responsibility to protect the people.”

Organized crime societies or triads have a long history in the area that can be traced back to 19th-century Chinese fraternal organizations, with gangs thought to recruit youths from the indigenous Cantonese and Hakka communities that live within the area’s low-rise and rustic walled villages, some of which date back to the Song dynasty.

Village heads who control the rural Yuen Long communities wield political sway and are known to hold pro-China views. Some analysts have claimed that the shadowy groups find employment as hired muscle tasked with targeting Beijing’s opponents, though a clear chain of evidence to substantiate such a link in the latest instance has not surfaced.

The gangs implicated are the 14K and Wo Shing Wo, the city’s oldest criminal organizations. A spokesman for Beijing’s liaison office in Hong Kong on Thursday strongly condemned “malicious rumors” that the Chinese government was behind the bloody episode, adding that the office has “firmly opposed and reprimanded any form of violent act.”

Organizer Ventus Lau, a localist Hong Kong politician, was quoted saying in a local media report: “I wanted to march [on Sunday], but having seen the violence that police used on residents on Saturday, I am very worried that a lot of people will be injured if I call on people to march on Sunday.” He added that he would “stand on the people’s side” if they choose to march.

Cheung Yiu-Leung, a barrister and member of the China Human Rights Lawyers Concern Group, told Asia Times that heavy pressure is mounting on embattled Carrie Lam to accede to protester’s demands for her resignation and the formation of an independent inquiry committee into alleged police misconduct.

“The situation has been spiraling downward and, in many people’s view, has reached a point of no return. Carrie Lam’s administration is now de facto dysfunctional,” he said. “It is now mainstream public opinion that [an independent inquiry] is the only way to restore order and a sense of justice. Carrie Lam’s time is up.”

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