Seven out of the world's 10 largest ports in terms of annual cargo and container throughput last year were in China. Handout.

Containers pile up below automated cranes in the container terminal of the Port of Qingdao, east China’s Shandong Province, where self-driving container haulers have replaced old-school trucks.

The smart container lifting system at the fully automated terminal enables rail mounted gantry cranes to lift containers without hoisting trucks underneath.

“Integrated with AI, 5G and image recognition technologies, the system has greatly boosted the lifting efficiency. Now, the average crane capacity of the port is 36.1 containers per hour, 50 percent higher than the world average level,” Li Fengli, chairman of Qingdao Port (Group) Co. Ltd., told Xinhua.

In China, technologies such as big data, AI and 5G are making the likes of the Port of Qingdao increasingly automated, thus boosting the container business of the country.

Blockchain technology can also help. “Based on blockchain, it becomes possible to obtain real-time information of the entire shipping process, thus improving the shipping efficiency,” Yin Lin, deputy director of the China Transport Telecommunication and Information Center under the Ministry of Transport, told China’s Smart Port Conference 2019, which concluded in Qingdao Friday.

“China’s ports are becoming deeper, larger and more specialized. They are also getting automated quickly,” said Chen Yingming, executive vice president of the China Port Association.

Five port clusters have taken shape in the Bohai Bay area, the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the southeast and southwest coastal regions, the report said.

In 2018, the container throughput of China’s major ports reached about 250 million standard containers, or twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), up 5.3% from 2017, according to the Ministry of Transport.

Seven out of the world’s 10 largest ports in terms of annual cargo and container throughput last year were in China.

“With the top ports, such as Shanghai and Qingdao, getting more automated, the automation of China’s ports is gaining momentum,” said Yin.

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