流浪牛在北方邦已成為威脅。 相片:Biosphoto/Gil Chamberland

在因流浪牛造成的威脅被大規模抨擊之後,執政印度人民黨於最大的選舉州北方邦正趕在大選前採取緊急措施解決這一問題。 該黨決定通過確保只有雌性小牛出生來控制公牛的數量。亞洲時報(Asiatimes.com)報導

以Ajay Sing Bisht(也被稱為Yogi Adityanath)為首長的政府正在面臨流浪牛摧毀莊稼給該州農民帶來的經濟威脅。由於當地的牛市場的崩潰以及對擾亂牛隻運輸的民團的恐懼,大多數流浪牛被農民所拋棄。

還有一些涉嫌私自屠宰牛隻的案件發生,宰牛在印度法律上是被禁止的。此外,隨著印度教徒對牛的崇拜、印度民族主義的印度人民黨和護牛主義的印度教民團的興起,宰牛已成為印地語中心地區的一個敏感話題。

隨著農業生產越來越機械化,雄性小牛對農民幾乎沒有用處,當牠們成為經濟負累的時候就會被流放,這些公牛然後在城市的道路上肆虐,並摧毀農村的農場。

為了施加一些相應的控制,在今年政府預算中,Bisht撥出61.2億盧比(約8,748萬美元)用於牛群的保護和福利,其中包括約25億盧比用於建立和運營流浪牛的收容所。

牛的性別選擇涉及通過人工授精施用性別分類的精液(其中含有一定濃度的X-精子)以產生比雄性更多的雌性小牛。 但目前,該州的奶農仍然主要依靠自然方式進行繁殖。

近幾十年來,西方國家普遍採用這種方法,州政府希望在未來10年內控制過剩的公牛數量。

政府的決定是基於兩年前社會黨執政期間,在三個地區(Etawah、Lakhimpur Kheri和Barabanki)的試點項目的成功。

建立和運營流浪牛的收容所可能會使受害農民得到一些緩解,並可能在即將到來的大選使人民黨受到人們的青睞。北方邦會向國會派出最多的議員,並將在選舉聯邦政府方面發揮關鍵作用,但只有時間才能證明這一舉措是否會產生任何成果。

撰文:Kanchan Srivastava
原文:Uttar Pradesh tackles stray cattle ahead of polls
更多:https://www.asiatimes.com/lang/chinese/
相片:Biosphoto/Gil Chamberland

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