大宇集團在2012年越南車展上展出貨車產品。相片:AFP/Hoang Dinh Nam

根據韓國汽車製造商協會周日公布的數據,兩年前全球銷量排名第五的汽車生產國韓國去年跌至第七。亞洲時報(Asiatimes.com)報導

據韓聯社報導,韓國汽車製造商協會發現,中國是2018年的第一大製造商,其次是美國、日本、德國、印度、墨西哥和韓國。 南韓是一個擁有現代(Hyundai)、起亞(Kia)、雙龍(SsangYong)、通用大宇(GM Daewoo)和雷諾三星(Renault Samsung)等全球知名品牌的國家,在2005年至2015年間排名第五,在過去三年中落後於印度,而在最近落後於墨西哥。

根據韓國汽車製造商協會的數據,韓國汽車製造商在2018年生產了403萬輛汽車,佔全球汽車產量的4.1%。相比下,他們在2017年的生產量為412萬輛,2016年為423萬輛,2015年為456萬輛。

在國際上,隨著全球需求量的下降,韓國汽車製造商受到出口下滑的打擊,這個問題至少是導致2018年位於群山的通用大宇製造廠關閉的部分原因。

在國內,他們需要支付高昂工資並且還需要面對來自工會的挑戰。特別是,現代汽車的工會會員因其高工資和優厚的工作條件而被稱為韓國的「打工貴族」。自2012年以來,他們每年都會罷工。

因此,從長遠趨勢來看,韓國汽車製造商一直向海外遷移,例如巴西、中國、東歐、印度、墨西哥、俄羅斯、土耳其和美國等地。

汽車製造商的代表,韓國汽車製造商協會的一名工作人員告訴當地媒體,韓國的排名下降是由於勞資雙方之間的對抗關係,加上勞動力成本高,裝配線效率低。

韓國汽車製造商協會在上周公布的另一份數據中發現,汽車出口的數據好壞參半。調查發現,當去年汽車出口數量下降了1.6%,這些出口的單位成本也增加了1.6%,主要是因為價格較高的運動型多功能車,其出口數量比2017年增長了6.7%。由於過去三年的低油價,全球SUV需求飆升。

但韓國汽車製造商協會發現,無論定價如何,韓國製造的汽車整體出口量自2012年以來一直在下降。

撰文:Andrew Salmon
原文:Korea’s car production ranking slips further in 2018
更多:https://www.asiatimes.com/lang/chinese/
相片:AFP/Hoang Dinh Nam

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