被徵召入伍的新加坡士兵在軍事訓練島嶼德光島進行武裝演習。 相片:AFP/Roslan Rahman

上個月,演員馮偉衷(Aloysius Pang)在軍事訓練演習中受重傷後死亡,新加坡人悲痛欲絕。家人、朋友和粉絲為這位28歲的電影電視明星的逝去而哀悼。馮的逝世是新加坡最新的一宗因為軍事訓練而死亡的事件。

這一事件成為了當地的頭條新聞,並引發了華語社區的共鳴,該社區是長期執政的人民行動黨的重要支持者。國防部長王賜吉(Melvyn Ong)在新聞發佈會上講述了這場悲劇,並承諾未來將作出改變。

為了讓民眾放心,他宣佈停止所有高風險的培訓活動,並採取措施減少新加坡武裝部隊培訓的強度和持續時間,以進行安全審查。新加坡國防部也表示將召集一個獨立調查委員會調查此事件。

在新加坡議會本月初召開的會議中,軍事訓練安全失誤導致的死亡事件是討論的重點。

馮偉衷是過去18個月內第4位死亡的軍人,這一數字令士兵和他們的父母都感到不安。

當反對派工人黨主席畢丹星向議會發表講話時,他重申了工人黨要求對「政府訴訟法」進行審查的呼籲,該法案保護國防部和武裝部隊成員免受民事過失訴訟。

新加坡的民眾普遍非常支持新加坡武裝部隊,大多數人接受以徵兵為基礎的軍事系統是國家主權的保障,也是對恐怖主義和外國侵略的必要威懾,尤其因為新加坡是個面積小的城邦國家。

除了防禦之外,徵兵被吹捧為新加坡男性的成人儀式和加強民族認同凝聚力的手段。分析人士認為,這些因素有助於解釋為什麼新加坡沒有經歷像亞洲其他地方(例如南韓和台灣)那樣對徵兵制度的反抗。

然而在馮偉衷離世後,新聞博客和網民參考了2014年南韓陸軍參謀長權五晟(Kwon Oh-Seong)將軍和2013年台灣國防部長高華初(Kao Hua-chu)由於公眾對徵兵死亡事件的憤怒而辭職的案例,開始質疑新加坡的問責文化。

新加坡管理學院副研究員Felix Tan說,新加坡政府很可能會免除事件相關的指揮官的所有責任,並採取一些新的措施來確保未來不再有失誤發生。

一名瞭解新加坡武裝部隊的軍人告訴亞洲時報(AsiaTimes.com),他們的指揮官對軍人非常嚴厲,經常「以結果為導向」,允許「即興程序」的發生,有時忽視安全規則。

根據軍人的說法,如果未能達到某些「以結果為導向」的標準,那些軍人就會受到「非正式的、貶損的懲罰」,迫使他們在不遵守安全規則的情況下完成任務,以滿足其指揮官的期望和指示。

撰文:Nile Bowie
原文:Conscript deaths making political waves in Singapore
更多:https://www.asiatimes.com/lang/chinese/
相片:AFP/Roslan Rahman

Asia Times has relaunched on www.asiatimes.com. Download our brand new native App for a sweeping selection of geopolitical and business news from across Asia.

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