如果拒絕繳納保護費,黑社會會派出身上有刺青、戴著墨鏡的人來擾亂店家的生意。相片:新浪

隨著2020年東京奧運會的臨近,日本東京都政府也積極行動起來,在2月公佈了《東京都暴力團排除條例》的修正案,用「雙罰」制度解決黑社會收「保護費」的問題,東京的華人商販認為這有失公正。

《日本新華僑報》報導,東京都政府指定的「暴力團排除特別強化區域」,長期以來存在著日本人黑社會組織收取「保護費」的問題。

過去,警方一旦抓住收取「保護費」的日本黑社會組織,會按照「直罰規定」的原則,對黑社會組織成員立即進行50萬日元(約4,500美元)以下的罰款,情節嚴重的會進一步通過司法手續,將其判處一年有期徒刑。而對於繳納「保護費」的店鋪,警方看作是「受害者」,不進行直接的處罰。

但是,東京都政府這次把相關法律做了調整。今後遇到「保護費」的問題,不僅要懲罰收取「保護費」的黑社會組織成員,同時也要懲罰繳納「保護費」的店鋪經營者。警方指出,這些繳納「保護費」的店鋪經營者,屈服於黑社會組織的壓力,導致這些「保護費」成為當地黑社會組織的活動資金。警方試圖用「雙罰」的方式解決這個問題。

位於新宿的一家中餐館的華人女老闆表示,東京都警方決定今後對繳納「保護費」的店鋪經營者也進行直接處罰,是有失公正的。她說:「我們這裡開設中餐館的華僑華人,沒有人是願意主動繳納保護費的。但是,當地黑社會組織成員用各種各樣的方式逼迫我們繳納保護費。」

她指,若店鋪拒絕繳納保護費,黑幫會派出捲髮紋身漢來要白開水喝,要求繳交保護費;若店鋪報警的話,黑漢在會警方趕到之前叫一碗炒飯和一份榨菜。警方訊問他情況,他要麼投訴餐廳服務態度不好,要麼就說中國人日語不好,曲解了他的意思。警方拿他也沒有辦法,紋身漢往往第二天還會來,令生意受到很大影響。

位於池袋的一家中式居酒屋的華人經營者稱,當地黑社會組織成員收取「保護費」有各種各樣的方式,有的是明刀明槍地要現金,有的是過新年的時候給你抱過來兩棵放在門口的門松,本來就值3萬日元,他們拿過來的發票上卻寫著30萬或40萬日元。如果不給他們,他們就會在店內醉酒鬧事。

目前,在2020年東京奧運會來臨之前,東京都政府希望打造出「世界上最安全的城市」形象,也為此做了一些努力,但在根除黑社會組織上仍要下大功夫。

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