Colin Powell and the WMD false flag.
Colin Powell at the UN Security Council raising the WMD false flag. Photo: Wikipedia

The spread of “false flag” conspiracy theories exemplifies how the mindset of secret intelligence agencies has spread to American political life. False-flag operations – in which a heinous act is falsely blamed on an enemy – are a form of psychological warfare. And in the United States, the most sophisticated and potent psychological warfare operations have been developed by the Central Intelligence Agency in service of US “national security.”

This is not to say that there is any basis for the right-wing conspiracy theories about the Florida man arrested in connection with suspected mail bombs sent to prominent critics of the Trump administration. Or about the high-school students killed in a massacre in Parkland, Florida, in February. Or the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting in Newtown, Connecticut, in 2012. There is none. They are, as John Oliver notes, “wild speculation.”

False-flag theories are not just a way of denying the plain facts but of reversing their meaning to confound your enemy. Since the suspected mail bomber is a fervent supporter of US President Donald Trump, imputing his bomb-mailing spree to say, George Soros, deflects the blame on to the left. The rhetoric of “false flag” operations is itself a false flag.

But it is only the historical reality of the US government’s false-flag operations that makes the weaponization of the term possible. When The Washington Post writes about “false flag” discourse, this history is entirely omitted, the better to demonize “conspiracy theorists.”

In the Post’s ahistorical perspective, false-flag operations are something only crazy people believe in, ergo, the president’s supporters are crazy. Some, like Cesar Sayoc, do seem to be clinically ill. But many are not. They may just have long memories of being lied to by Washington.

Without widespread consciousness of this history, “false flag” would have no power in public discourse. Given the reality of this history, the term has staying power in the American imagination.

Since 2004, Google searches for “false flag operations” have flared constantly.

False Flag GoogleTrends

Note from GoogleTrends: “Numbers represent search interest relative to the highest point on the chart for the given region and time. A value of 100 is the peak popularity for the term. A value of 50 means that the term is half as popular. A score of 0 means there was not enough data for this term.”


What is hard for the Post editors to contemplate is that Americans have been taught by their government that false-flag conspiracy theories are not always a fantasy.

The CIA has used false-flag operations from its inception in 1947.

As I recount in the my book The Ghost (now out in paperback), CIA counterintelligence chief James Angleton began opening the mail of persons suspected of communist or subversive activities on a massive scale in 1958. He shared the take with Federal Bureau of Investigation director J Edgar Hoover, and the Counterintelligence Program, known as COINTELPRO, took off.

From 1958 to 1974, the CIA and FBI mounted numerous false-flag operations against civil-rights, anti-war and pro-Cuban organizations. Government operatives would take embarrassing or extreme actions in their name, the better to discredit them. These were government-led conspiracies, and there was nothing theoretical about them.

When such operations were exposed by US Senate investigators in the 1970s, the American people learned the reality: that the CIA and National Security Agency used false-flag tactics to create an “incident” in the Gulf of Tonkin in August 1964 that was used to justify escalation of the war in Vietnam.

False flags today

A new generation of Americans re-learned the lesson after the 2003 invasion of Iraq when the White House under president George W Bush and vice-president Dick Cheney used a forged letter to create the impression Saddam Hussein was seeking to obtain material for nuclear weapons.

In the 2016 presidential election, only one candidate made an issue out of how Bush used bogus intelligence to justify a catastrophic invasion to destroy the non-existent threat of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction (WMD). That candidate was Donald Trump. His factually accurate attack (a rare thing) on Jeb Bush helped him win the South Carolina primary and the Republican nomination.

One reason Trump supporters believe in patently untrue false-flag conspiracy theories is that they know some false-flag conspiracy theories are founded in reality. Historical facts lend credence to false-flag fantasies.

This article was produced by the Deep State, a project of the Independent Media Institute, which provided it to Asia Times.

Jefferson Morley

Jefferson Morley is a senior writing fellow and the editor and chief correspondent of the Deep State, a project of the Independent Media Institute. He has been a reporter and editor in Washington, DC, since 1980. He spent 15 years as an editor and reporter at The Washington Post. He is the editor and co-founder of JFK Facts, a blog about the assassination of John F Kennedy. His latest book is The Ghost: The Secret Life of CIA Spymaster, James Jesus Angleton.