A US Navy destroyer sailed near islands claimed by China in the South China Sea on Tuesday, prompting anger in Beijing, which said on Wednesday that the US had violated its sovereignty and security.
The move – which was the latest attempt to counter what Washington sees as China’s efforts to limit freedom of navigation in the strategic waters – came even as President Donald Trump’s administration seeks Chinese cooperation in reining in North Korea’s missile and nuclear programs. It was not as provocative, however, as previous ones carried out since Trump took office in January.
The US officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the Chafee, a guided-missile destroyer, had carried out normal maneuvering operations that challenged “excessive maritime claims” near the Paracel Islands, one of the clusters of reefs and shoals over which China has been involved in territorial disputes with its neighbors.
China‘s Defense Ministry said on Wednesday that a warship, two fighter jets and a helicopter had scrambled to warn the US ship away, adding it had infringed upon China‘s sovereignty and security with its “provocation.”
China would further strengthen its naval and air defences, the ministry said. “We demand the US side earnestly take steps to correct its mistakes,” it added.
Speaking earlier at a daily news briefing in Beijing, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said China had lodged “stern representations” with the United States, and reiterated that the Paracels were Chinese territory.
“China will continue to take resolute measures to protect Chinese sovereign territory and maritime interests. China urges the US to conscientiously respect China‘s sovereign territory and security interests, conscientiously respect the efforts regional countries have made to protect peace and stability in the South China Sea, and stop these wrong actions.”
Next month, Trump makes his first visit to Asia as president. His itinerary will include a stop in China, which he has been pressuring to do more to rein in North Korea, its neighbor and biggest trading partner.
Unlike in August, when a US Navy destroyer came within 12 nautical miles of an artificial island built up by China in the South China Sea, officials said the destroyer on Tuesday sailed close to but not within that range of the islands.
“China urges the US to conscientiously respect China‘s sovereign territory and security interests, conscientiously respect the efforts regional countries have made to protect peace and stability in the South China Sea, and stop these wrong actions”
Twelve nautical miles is the internationally recognized territorial limit. Sailing within that range is meant to signify non-recognition of territorial claims.
The Pentagon did not comment directly on the operation, but said the US carried out regular freedom-of-navigation operations and would continue to do so.
China‘s claims in the South China Sea, through which some US$5 trillion in shipborne trade passes each year, are contested by Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam.
Experts and some US officials have criticized former president Barack Obama for potentially reinforcing China‘s claims by sticking to “innocent passage,” in which a warship effectively recognizes a territorial sea by crossing it speedily without stopping.
The US military maintains a long-standing position that its operations are carried out throughout the world, including in areas claimed by allies. It has said it would like to see more international participation in freedom-of-navigation operations in the South China Sea.
North Korea issue
Trump’s trip to Asia will likely be dominated by the North Korean nuclear threat. He will also visit South Korea, Japan, Vietnam and the Philippines.
In recent weeks, North Korea has launched two missiles over Japan and conducted its sixth nuclear test, all in defiance of UN Security Council resolutions, and may be fast advancing toward its goal of developing a nuclear-tipped missile capable of hitting the US mainland.
Trump’s visit to China will reciprocate a trip to the US made in April by Chinese President Xi Jinping. The US president’s attempts to get Chinese help with North Korea have met with limited success so far, but he has gone out of his way to thank Xi for his efforts.