South Korea’s new government announced a 11.2 trillion won (US$10 billion) fiscal stimulus package on Monday, increasing social welfare subsidies and taking the first steps to deliver on President Moon Jae-in’s key election promise – to create 810,000 public sector jobs.
The stimulus package allocates 5.4 trillion won to create public sector and social services jobs, including places for firefighters, teachers and postal workers, the finance ministry said.
Another 2.3 trillion won will be used to provide subsidies for maternity leave and for elderly people needing medical care.
The government estimates the extra spending will boost economic growth by 0.2 percentage point this year, which may raise its 2017 outlook from the current 2.6%.
It expects to the extra budget to add 71,000 jobs to the public sector workforce and 15,000 jobs to the private sector.
“This is the first supplementary budget for jobs purposes,” Park Chun-sup, South Korea’s chief of budget, told a news conference.
“There are concerns over mass job losses…10 years ago youth unemployment used to be double the overall jobless rate of 3.5 percent, but now it is three times as high,” Park said.
Unemployment among those aged 15-29 soared to 11.2 percent in April, even though the economy posted the fastest growth in six quarters in the January-March period.
Addressing a widening income gap and sluggish domestic demand is a major challenge for policymakers, especially as exports have only just begun to turn around after falling for almost two years.
South Korea’s average disposable household income fell by 1.1% in the fourth quarter, the fastest rate since the 2009 global financial crisis, while private consumption grew just 0.4% in the first quarter – well below overall economic growth at 1.1%.
“Regarding weak consumption, we believe adding jobs will boost income and affect consumption eventually,” Park said.
The supplementary budget will add to the 400.5 trillion won budget for 2017 that was approved by the National Assembly late last year. The government plans to submit its supplementary budget proposal to the National Assembly on June 7.
About 8.8 trillion won of the extra budget will be financed by excess tax revenue expected for this year, while another 1.1 trillion won will come from government revenue left over from 2016.
The remaining 1.3 trillion won will be financed from public funds managed by state-owned companies, according to the ministry.
“As we propose this supplementary budget, our intention is to best maintain fiscal soundness and we’re not issuing more debt,” budget chief Park said.
Although the proposed extra budget is only for this year, the government is under pressure to raise taxes to sustain expanded welfare programmes and to meet the growing needs of an ageing population.
On Thursday, Lee Yong-sup, the head of President Moon’s jobs committee, said South Korea needed to raise taxes broadly on the general population, with the affluent taxed to a greater degree, in order to pay for more jobs and welfare.
Calls for government subsidies will only increase as more than 35,000 workers are expected to be laid off by the end of this year from the shipbuilding industry alone.
From December 2015 to February this year, about 41,000 workers lost their jobs at shipbuilders, according to the labour ministry, as a broad global downturn in demand and plunging commodity prices sapped the industry.