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Doctors at a Pune hospital will conduct India’s first womb transplant on Thursday when they transfer a mother’s uterus to her 21-year-old daughter.

The woman, who was born without a uterus, will be fitted with her mother’s womb so that she can conceive normally.

Pune’s Galaxy Care Laparoscopy Institute, where the surgery will be carried out, has been granted a license by the state’s Directorate of Health Services to carry out the transplant.

Dr Shailesh Puntambekar, who will perform the surgery,  was quoted as saying: “It will be an eight-hour surgery. The recipient will remain in ICU for a week and another two weeks in general care. During this period, the transplanted uterus will be studied almost every day.”

Doctors have already extracted and cryo-preserved eight eggs (ovum) from the woman’s normally functioning ovary, which will be implanted in the transplanted uterus eight months after the complex surgery. The immediate success of the surgery will be assessed after multiple doppler and sonography studies to see whether the transplanted uterus functions normally.

Times of India reported that a committee has assessed the case and concluded that the operation is warranted. However, the Swedish doctor who performed the world’s first successful uterus transplant told Hindustan Times  on Thursday that the procedure is being attempted with “no proper preparations at all” and will put the patient at “very high risk.”

Dr Mats Brännström, the head of the department of obstetrics and gynecology at Sweden’s Sahlgrenska Academy under University of Gothenburg, said: “What is planned in Pune is a dangerous escapade of surgical cowboys wanting to be the first in their country and to get [worldwide] publicity and fame easy.”