After successful missile launches, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un often exchanges smiles and hugs with the same three men and shares a celebratory smoke with them.
The three, shown with Kim in photographs and TV footage in North Korean media, are of great interest to Western security and intelligence agencies since they are the top people in the secretive country’s rapidly accelerating missile program.
They include Ri Pyong-chol, a former top air force general; Kim Jong-sik, a veteran rocket scientist; and Jang Chang-ha, the head of a weapons development and procurement center.
The photographs and TV footage show that the three are clearly Kim’s favorites. Their behavior with him is sharply at variance with the obsequiousness of other senior aides, most of whom bow and hold their hands over their mouths when speaking to the young leader.
Unlike most other officials, two of them have flown with Kim in his private plane Goshawk-1, named after North Korea’s national bird, state TV has shown.
Rather than going through bureaucrats, Kim Jong-un is keeping these technocrats right by his side, so that he can contact them directly and urge them to move fast
– An Chan-il
With their ruling Workers’ Party of North Korea, military and scientific credentials, the trio is indispensable to the country’s rapidly developing weapons programs – the isolated nation has conducted two nuclear tests and dozens of missile launches since the beginning of last year, all in violation of UN resolutions.
“Rather than going through bureaucrats, Kim Jong-un is keeping these technocrats right by his side, so that he can contact them directly and urge them to move fast. It reflects his urgency about missile development,” said An Chan-il, a former North Korean military officer who defected to the South and runs a think tank in Seoul.
Kim Jong-sik and Jang are not from elite families, unlike many other senior figures in the country’s ruling class, North Korean leadership experts say. They said Ri, the former air force commander, has been to one of the better-regarded schools in North Korea, but he and the other two were hand-picked by Kim Jong-un.
“Kim Jong-un is raising a new generation of people separate from his father’s key aides,” said a South Korean official with knowledge of the matter, referring to Kim Jong-il, who died in late 2011 leaving the younger Kim in charge.
The official requested anonymity due to the sensitivity of the matter.
The ‘big potato’
The most prominent of the three is Ri, according to leadership experts.
Always shown smiling in photographs, he is now deputy director of the Workers’ Party Munitions Industry Department, which oversees the development of North Korea’s ballistic missile program, according to the South Korean government and US Treasury.
The department was blacklisted by the US Treasury in 2010 and Ri was named by the South Korean government last year for activities related to the country’s weapons programs.
“The big potato in that trio of people is Ri Pyong-chol,” said Michael Madden, an expert on the North Korean leadership. “He’s been around since before Kim Jong-un was even talked about with any seriousness”.
Born in 1948, Ri was partly educated in Russia and promoted when Kim Jong-un started to rise through the ranks in the late 2000s, Madden and the South Korean government official said.
Ri has visited China once and Russia twice. He met China’s defense minister in 2008 as the air force commander and accompanied Kim Jong-il on a visit to a Russian fighter jet factory in 2011, according to state media.
“Ri looks like the party’s guy in the missile program,” said Kim Jin-moo, an expert on North Korea’s elite and former government think tank analyst in Seoul.
The rocket scientist
The rocket scientist in the trio is Kim Jong-sik.
He started his career as a civilian aeronautics technician, but now wears the uniform of a military general at the Munitions Industry Department, according to experts and the South Korean government.
But it was his role in the North Korea’s first successful launch of a rocket in 2012 which really helped him earn recognition, Madden said.
“When that thing went off and entered into a lower earth orbit, he got credit for that,” said Madden. “The nuclear and missile guys under Kim Jong Un are getting their jobs based on merit.”
Last year, Kim Jong-sik was at the National Aerospace Development Administration or NADA, North Korea’s official space agency, where he escorted Kim Jong-un through the mission control room ahead of a successful long-range rocket launch in February.
State TV footage showed him riding to a launch site in Kim Jong-un’s private plane. Upon arrival, he accompanied the young leader down the red carpet and received flowers from other senior officials.
Most other details, including his age, are not known.
The mystery man
Of the three men, the least is known about Jang Chang-ha, president of the Academy of the National Defense Science, previously called the Second Academy of Natural Sciences.
The body is in charge of the secretive country’s research and development of its advanced weapons systems, “including missiles and probably nuclear weapons,” the US Treasury said in 2010 in its decision to blacklist the group.
The organization obtains technology, equipment, and information from overseas for use in weapons program, the Treasury said. Jang was added to the Treasury blacklist in December 2016.
Under Jang’s leadership, the academy has around 15,000 staff, including some 3,000 missile engineers, according to South Korean media reports, citing unnamed sources.
North Korea’s banned weapons program began in the early 2000s with a similar trio of men close to the leadership who specialized in procurement, science and military affairs.
Of them, logistician Jon Pyong-ho has died. The others – scientist So Sang-guk and military coordinator O Kuk-ryol – are elderly and no longer in the public eye.
Their places, Madden said, had been taken by Kim Jong-un’s hand-picked men.
“These are the men bringing North Korea’s missile program into the 21st century,” he said.