Chinese Catholics must run their church “independently” from the Vatican and guide believers on a path of “Sinicisation”, a senior Communist Party official has stated.
Pope Francis has been trying to heal a decades-old rift with China, where Catholics are divided between those loyal to the Vatican and members of a Chinese government-controlled official church.
One of the obstacles to improving relations is the question of who should be able to appoint senior clergy.
China says bishops must be named by the local Chinese Catholic community and refuses to accept the authority of the pope, whom it sees as the head of a foreign state that has no right to meddle in Beijing’s affairs.
Prospects for a deal were set back this month after Lei Shiyin, a government-backed bishop excommunicated by the Vatican participated in the ordination of new bishops.
Catholics should “run their church independently and better integrate it into society”, Yu Zhengsheng, a senior party official, told the government-approved Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association at the Bishops Conference of the Catholic Church of China.
“The church should adhere to the principles of self-administration, run its religious affairs independently and guide believers to adhere to Sinicisation of the religion,” said Yu, as reported by the state news agency Xinhua late on Thursday.
“Sinicisation” is likely a reference to bringing the religion under Chinese influence.
Chinese Catholics must “unify patriotism with affection for the Church” and “unite all believers to contribute to the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics”, said Yu, who heads a largely ceremonial body, one of whose functions is to represent religious believers to parliament.
The Vatican said last week that Catholics in China were waiting for positive signals they could trust in a dialogue between China and the Holy See.
The two sides have been at loggerheads since the expulsion of foreign missionaries from China after the Communists took power in 1949. China has also been riled by the Vatican’s continued maintenance of official ties with self-ruled Taiwan, claimed by Beijing as its own.
There are as many as 10 million Chinese Catholics in what is an officially atheist country, though the government technically guarantees freedom of religion for recognised groups, which also include Buddhists and Muslims.