(From AFP| Reuters|BBC)

Chinese police have said for the first time that they are holding three Hong Kong booksellers who went missing on the mainland last year.

(Clockwise top left) Gui Minhai, Lui Por, Cheung Chi-ping and Lam Wing-kee

The admission confirms what many in the quasi-independent territory have suspected, and will reinforce fears that rights guaranteed under the principle of “One Country, Two Systems” are being eroded.

The three men all work for the Mighty Current publishing house, based in Hong Kong and known for salacious titles critical of the Chinese government.

Five booksellers from the firm have disappeared since October. All have now turned up in China, drawing international criticism.

Washington called on Beijing Monday to explain the disappearances, with a State Department spokesman saying the incidents “raise serious questions about China’s commitment to Hong Kong’s autonomy”.

Booksellers Lui Por, Cheung Chi-ping and Lam Wing-kee disappeared in southern mainland China in October.

A fourth missing member of the company, Gui Minhai, a Swedish national, was paraded on Chinese state television in January, where he said he had turned himself in for a fatal driving accident 11 years ago.

Gui had failed to return to Hong Kong from a holiday in Thailand in October.

In a letter to Hong Kong police, the Interpol Guangdong Liaison Office, part of the southern Chinese province’s public security department, said the three men being held “were suspected to be involved in a case relating to a person named Gui, and were involved in illegal activities on the mainland.”

“Criminal compulsory measures were imposed on them and they were under investigation,” said the letter, released by Hong Kong police late Thursday.

Enclosed was also a letter from the fifth missing bookseller, Lee Bo, Hong Kong police said.

Lee’s case has sparked the strongest backlash as he was the only one of the men to have disappeared while in Hong Kong.

Lee was last seen at a book warehouse in his home city in December.

Lawmakers and activists have accused mainland authorities of snatching Lee from the city, contravening Hong Kong’s laws which do not allow Chinese police to operate within the territory.

The new letter from Lee said Chinese authorities had told him Hong Kong police wanted to meet with him on the mainland, according to the Hong Kong police statement.

“He stated that he did not need to meet with police at the moment. He would contact police should he need to meet with police,” the statement said.

It added that Lee’s wife had confirmed the letter was in her husband’s handwriting.

Hong Kong police have asked the Guangdong authorities to “assist in following up the situations” of the three booksellers revealed to be under investigation, and to reiterate to Lee that Hong Kong police wanted to meet with him, the statement said.

Xi critic defends booksellers

A US-based writer has come in defense of the five booksellers.

The writer, who uses the pen name Xi Nuo, told BBC that the Chinese authorities should sue him instead of holding them.

According to him, he had co-authored a book on Chinese President Xi Jinping and published it online to challenge the authorities in Beijing.

Some analysts believe that the disappearance of the booksellers is linked to their move to publish Xi Nuo’s controversial work on Xi.

A close associate of the missing book publisher Gui, however, contested this.

New York-based author Liu Lu told South China Morning Post Gui was detained in mainland for operating a circulation office in Shenzhen to distribute banned books to mainland clients. It is considered a violation of the Chinese law.

Li added that while Lee Bo was not involved in this operation, he was not so sure about the three booksellers who disappeared in Shenzhen in October or November.

Free them: European Parliament

The European Parliament has called for the immediate release of five Hong Kong booksellers.

“The resolution calls for their immediate safe release. It also calls for the immediate release of all other persons arbitrarily arrested for exercising their rights to freedom of expression and publication in Hong Kong,” the European Parliament said in a statement.

The British government is still waiting for responses to its diplomatic requests for information and access to Lee.

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