LUCKNOW, India (Reuters) – At least 22 people were killed when police clashed with squatters in north India, officials said on Friday, the violence erupting after protesters killed two police officers during an operation to clear thousands of people from a public park.

A fire breaks out after clashes between the police and the encroachers who were being evicted from Jawaharbagh in Mathura on Thursday

Police began the operation to clear the park in Mathura, 140 km (85 miles) southeast of the capital New Delhi, on Thursday after a court ordered about 3,000 people to vacate the area.

Officials said they were investigating why the squatters had gathered in the park, and were looking into reports the group belonged to a local cult. The court had directed authorities to clear the land after the squatters refused to comply with earlier orders to leave.

Debashish Panda, the principal home secretary in Uttar Pradesh state, told Reuters police had initially responded to gunshots with tear gas and rubber bullets but then returned fire when two police officers were killed.

Other officials said it was not immediately clear how the squatters died. The chief minister of Uttar Pradesh state, where Mathura is located, has ordered an inquiry.

Around 200 members of the squatters’ group were also arrested.

Uttar Pradesh police chief Javeed Ahmed told reporters at the scene on Friday the group had set fire to their tents before abandoning the camp after the clashes.

“Subsequent searches by the police revealed that the activists of the group … had stored firearms and other weapons, including grenades, in the camp,” he said.

(Reporting by Sharat Pradhan; Writing by Tommy Wilkes; Editing by Paul Tait)

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